Category filter:AllAdvicesCOVID-19DiseasesHealthcareinternational dayIntoleranceRespiratory infectionUncategorized
No more posts
mental-health-1200x748.jpg

January 27, 2021

Mental health includes all our emotional, psychological and social well-being. It affects our feelings and how we think and act. It is very important to know how we handle stress or how we make choices. The factors that may contribute are: biological factors, such as brain chemistry, life experiences, such as trauma or abuses and family history of mental health problems. They are far more common that people think, but luckily, you can ask for help.

There are some early signs that can help you identify these issues and seek for help as soon as possible. For example, pulling away from people, having low energy, feeling numb, helpless, anxious, forgetful, on edge, angry or yelling to close friends and family. Another thing to consider is the mood swings or the sadness, which can also be a reflection of depression. People with these issues are not alone and they have someone around them who wants to help. The best thing to do is stay positive, whether you are the one having mental health problems or if you know someone close who does. But most importantly, getting professional aid if you need to.

If you feel sad, too stressed or having anxiety, talk to someone. Do something that relaxes you, listen to music or read a book. But most importantly, never give up, no matter how bad your problems are, there is always a solution for every one of them and if you do not see it, ask people for help. There is no shame on that.

La salud mental

La salud mental comprende todas nuestras emociones, psicológicas o nuestro bienestar social. Afecta a nuestros sentimientos, cómo pensamos o qué hacemos. Es muy importante saber como somos capaces de manejar el estrés o qué hacemos a la hora de tomar alguna decisión. Los factores que puede contribuir son: biológicos, como la química de nuestro cerebro, nuestras experiencias vividas, traumas o abusos y, por último, la historia clínica de nuestra familia. Los problemas mentales son mucho más comunes de lo que algunas personas piensan, pero por suerte se pueden arreglar.

Por ejemplo, distanciarse de la gente que te rodea, tener energía baja, sentirte apático, impotente o ansioso todo el rato, ser olvidadizo, estar enfadado o gritarle sin razón a gente o familiares, son algunos de los signos más comunes que destacan en una persona con estos trastornos, aunque algunos también pueden indicar depresión. La gente con este problema, no está sola, siempre tienen a alguien a su alrededor dispuesto a ayudar. Lo mejor que se puede hacer en estas circunstancias es mantener una mentalidad positiva, ya seas tú o una persona cercana, pero es más importante pedir ayuda, si así lo requiriese.

Mientras tanto, hay algunas cosas que se pueden hacer para intentar paliar estos síntomas: hablar con alguien de confianza, ya sea tu doctor, un amigo o un familiar. También puedes hacer algo que te relaje: escuchar música o leer un libro. A pesar de todo esto, no desesperes. No importa cuán difíciles sean los problemas, siempre hay una solución y si tú no puedes verla, pídele a alguien que la vea por ti. No tienes que avergonzarte por ello.

Mercedes Lara

Depositphotos_359335584_l-2015-1200x800.jpg

January 13, 2021

When a person gets infected for the first time of COVID-19, several days have to pass until their body realises that it has the disease, and uses whatever is necessary to eliminate and protect that threat.

COVID-19 vaccine develops immunity without having to catch the sickness, preparing the cells to fight against the infection. Generally, after the shot, it takes some weeks to produce what it needs to be completely immune. This can make a treated person to get sick just before or after the vaccine is injected. It occurs, mainly, due to the lack of time that the body has had to produce the resistance it needs. It may happen that someone can show similar symptoms after being vaccinated. This is normal and it is a good sign. It means that your body is learning to fight the disease and, in its process, creating immunity to that virus.

Experts are still studying for how long the protection will last, since it is such a new investigation, they do not have any solid results. Nevertheless, some are starting to sat that it might be recurrent vaccination, such as the common flu one.

 

¿Cómo funciona la vacuna del COVID-19?

Cuando una persona se infecta por primera vez de la COVID-19, pueden pasar varios días hasta que su cuerpo usa todas las herramientas necesarias para combatir gérmenes. Después de la infección, el sistema inmunitario recuerda cómo luchar y proteger al organismo.

La vacuna contra la COVID-19 se encarga de desarrollar inmunidad sin la necesidad de contraer la enfermedad, preparando las células para luchar contra la infección. Por norma general, después de la vacunación, el organismo tarda unas semanas en producir lo que necesita para hacerse completamente inmune. Esto puede provocar que una persona vacunada, se infecte justo antes o justo después de vacunarse y enfermar, ya que no tuvo tiempo suficiente para generar la protección necesaria. También puede darse el caso que, después de ser vacunado, cuando se está produciendo esa inmunidad, provoque algunos síntomas, como puede ser la fiebre. Esto es algo normal y es señal de que está sabiendo combatir la infección y en su proceso, desarrollando la inmunidad ante el virus.

Los expertos todavía siguen estudiando durante cuánto tiempo está inmunidad podría proteger a una persona contra la COVID-19, y no descartan que tenga que ser una vacuna recurrente, como la de la gripe, para intentar prevenir a nuestro cuerpo.

 

Mercedes Lara

esclerosis-multiple.jpg

December 18, 2020

Esclerosis múltiple

La esclerosis múltiple es una enfermedad que afecta al cerebro y a la médula espinal. Como consecuencia, esta enfermedad provoca el impedimento de muchos movimientos, el control de la vejiga y, dependiendo de dónde se produzca el daño, incluso a la vista. Esta enfermedad degenerativa, no tiene una causa específica. Se produce a causa de la destrucción de la mielina, una funda protectora que rodea las fibras nerviosas del sistema nervioso central.

Por desgracia, actualmente, no existe una cura para la esclerosis múltiple, pero gracias a los avances científicos, hoy en día es muy controlable. En especial, si se detecta en las primeras etapas de la enfermedad, ya que hay diferentes medicamentos y tratamientos que pueden retrasar su aparición años o retrasar la degeneración. Como complemento a un tratamiento farmacológico, hay otras muchas cosas que una persona con esta enfermedad puede hacer para ayudar con los síntomas, por ejemplo la rehabilitación es un añadido que ayuda a miles de personas.

 

Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is a disease affecting the brain and the spinal cord, provoking movement impediment. This degenerative illness has no specific cause. It is produced for the rupture of the myelin, which is a protective case surrounding the nerve fibers of the central nervous system.

Unfortunately, there is no cure for multiple sclerosis, but due to the advances in the scientific fields, it is controllable and people suffering from it can have a healthy life, especially, if it is detected on the early stages. There are some treatments that can delay this illness. As a complement to the pharmacotherapy, there are other things that they can do to help their day to day, such as rehab, which helps many people of its effects.

Mercedes Lara

respiración-1200x960.jpg

December 11, 2020

Infecciones respiratorias altas y bajas. Qué son y cuáles son las diferencias. 

Las infecciones respiratorias pueden afectar a las vía respiratorias altas, como la nariz, la garganta, la tráquea o los bronquios; o las vías respiratorias bajas, que constituyen los pulmones. Las primeras son las más comunes y engloban enfermedades tales como el resfriado común (conocido como rinofaringitis aguda), faringoamigladitis y rinosinusitis. Las infecciones de los pulmones, denominadas neumonías, suelen ser mucho más graves, pero también menos comunes. Hay algunas diferencias también dependiendo de si la causa es vírica o bacteriana. Las infecciones víricas suelen ser las más comunes. Las infecciones bacterianas se suelen tratan con antibióticos, pero las víricas no suelen tener un tratamiento específico, por esta razón el médico tiene que ser el encargado de ver qué tratamiento se adapta mejor al paciente, ya que, como mucha gente sabe, cuando la infección es provocada por un virus, el tratamiento, lo único que puede hacer, es aliviar los síntomas y ayudar al paciente a gestionar mejor su malestar, pero ningún medicamento (a excepción de la vacuna) cura un problema vírico.

Estas enfermedades, suelen transmitirse por el aire, por lo que la mejor forma de prevenirlas es el lavado de manos frecuente, extremar la higiene y no acercarse a personas que tengan síntomas o que estén infectadas.

 

Upper and lower respiratory infections. What they are and their differences.

 

There are two types of respiratory infections: upper and lower. They are called upper respiratory infection when they affect the upper parts, such as nose, throat, trachea and bronchial tube. On the other hand, the lower respiratory infection affects organs such as lungs. The first is the most common, and it involves diseases as the common cold, pharyngotonsillitis and rhinosinusitis.

Lung infections, known as pneumonia, can be more dangerous, but they are less common. There are some differences depending on whether they are provoked by a virus or a bacterium. The latter are treated with antibiotics, whereas the other one cannot be treated with anything. For this reason, the doctor should prescribe a treatment to help the patient with the symptoms.

These diseases usually infect the person through air. Although, they can also do it by getting in contact with an infected person. This is why, cleaning your hands frequently and not getting closed to a person that already has any symptoms, prevents you from getting sick.

Mercedes Lara

Turner-syndrome.jpg

August 28, 2020

Turner syndrome, which affects only women, happens when the X chromosome is missing and causes problems like short height, failure of the ovaries to develop and heart defects. Fortunately, it can be diagnosed before the child is born or in early childhood. However, it requires constant medical care from a variety of specialists. Signs of this illness vary from woman to woman and it may not be apparent in some while, in other girls, has several physical features. At the beginning, these symptoms can be subtle and develop slowly, becoming significant, such as heart defects.

Before birth, it can be diagnosed thanks to a DNA screening or an ultrasound, which can show large fluid collection on the back of the neck, heart abnormalities or abnormal kidneys. At birth, the child can have a wide neck, high and narrow roof of the mouth, swelling in hands and feet, short height, cardiac defects or a receding, small lower jaw, among other conditions. Nevertheless, during the period that goes from childhood to adulthood, signs become more frequent and common. These are: short height, ovarian insufficiency, slowed growth, early endo of menstrual cycles and inability to conceive a child without a proper fertility treatment. That’s why, from E&S Doctors, we recommend women to get some tests to detect as soon as possible Turner syndrome and go see a specialist.

Ana Eliche

cardiovascular-1200x800.jpg

July 16, 2020

From E&S Doctors, we want to help raising awareness to prevent and control cardiovascular risk factors. In order to do that, we want to promote some healthy habits that will make you reduce the possibility of having any heart disease because these diseases are the first cause of death in may developed countries.

There are some risk factors that can be reduce or removed if you want to avoid cardiovascular diseases. In E&S Doctors, we are going to recommend you some so that you can improve your life quality and help your heart feel better. To begin with, a healthy and balanced diet with fruits, vegetables and fish is a must, just like exercising at least 30 minutes on a daily basis. Not smoking and keep an eye on your weight are also important. Furthermore, it is also advisable to watching your stress levels and annually checking your blood pressure, even if you are a healthy person, and going to the doctor for a physical test if a family member suffers from a heart disease.

Ana Eliche

1200px-Rare_Disease_Day.svg_-1200x1080.png

February 26, 2020

On the occasion of the Rare Disease Day, hold next February 29th, we want to remember them today in E&S Doctors. To begin with, we have to mention that rare disease affects a small number of people and that’s why they’re called like that. In Europe, a disease is considered to be rare when it affects one person per 2,000. Nowadays, there are six or seven thousand rare diseases. Some of these are Huntington disease, Crohn disease, Kaposi’s sarcoma, etc.

The problem with these rare diseases is that most of them have no cure. However, treatments improve the quality of life and extend the life expectancy of those affected. Still they’re extremely unknown and it’s very difficult to identify and treat them. Despite that, science has provided many answers to these rare diseases and it’s expected to be the case thanks to the progress of the future.

Ana Eliche

coronavirus-1200x1127.jpg

February 19, 2020

Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that can cause from a common cold to a severe acute respiratory syndrome. One of these viruses is the new one that appeared in 2019 and that has been identified as the cause of an outbreak that began in China. It has been called COVID-19. Although there isn’t much known about this virus yet, public health groups as WHO are monitoring it closely and have issued recommendations for preventing it, such as washing your hands often, covering your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze, avoiding contact with anyone who is sick or sharing things if you’re sick, and also staying at home if you’re sick.

Symptom may appear 2 to 14 days after exposure to this coronavirus and include fever, cough and difficulty breathing. Most people with severe illness have been adults or had other existing medical conditions. However, it’s unclear how it spreads, but it may be by air when someone with the virus coughs or sneezes. Furthermore, risk factors include recent travel from or residence in China and close contact with someone that has this coronavirus, but there is still much unknown about the virus and it is been still investigated.

Ana Eliche

ets-1200x813.jpg

February 12, 2020

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), or sexually transmitted infections (STIs), are normally contracted by sexual contact, but they can also be transmitted from mother to infant during pregnancy or even through blood transfusions or shared needles. The most common thing is that the organisms that cause them pass from person to person in blood, semen or bodily fluids.

STDs don’t always cause symptoms and it’s usual to contract them from people who seem perfectly healthy. These sexually transmitted diseases may go unnoticed until complications. However, some symptoms can be noticed that indicate that we have caught a STDs, like: sores or bumps on the genitals or rectal area, painful urination, discharge from the penis, odd-smelling vaginal discharge or even unusual vaginal bleeding, pain during sex, fever or rash in hands or feet.

Ana Eliche

cancer-1-1200x800.jpg

February 5, 2020

Cancer is a disease characterized by the development of abnormal cells, which destroy normal body tissue. Frequently, it spreads throughout the body and it is the second-leading cause of death in the world. Recently, this has improved thanks to cancer screening and a proper cancer treatment. Even if there is a slight idea about what are some risk factors, the majority of cancers occur in people who do not have any known risk factors. These are: age, habits like smoking or drinking, and family history.

Symptoms vary depending on what part of the body is affected. The most common signs are fatigue, lumps under skin, weight or skin changes, persistent cough, difficulty breathing or swallowing, hoarseness, indigestion, unexplained muscle pain, fevers or night sweats and unexplained bleeding. To prevent cancer, it is advisable stop smoking, avoid excessive sun exposure, exercising, drinking alcohol in moderation and schedule cancer screening exams.

Ana Eliche

Copyright by E&S Doctors 2021. All rights reserved. | Developed by Alonis Consulting