La cirrosis es una etapa de cicatrización del hígado causada por muchas enfermedades hepáticas, como hepatitis o alcoholismo crónico. Cada vez que el hígado sufre una lesión, por enfermedad o consumo excesivo de alcohol, intenta repararse a sí mismo. Para ello, forma un tejido de cicatrización. Conforme esta enfermedad avanza, se forman más tejidos de cicatrización y el hígado funciona con dificultad. La cirrosis avanzada puede llegar a ser mortal. Normalmente, el daño causado por esta enfermedad no se puede curar, pero, si la cirrosis hepática se diagnostica pronto y se trata, se puede limitar el avance del daño.

La cirrosis no suele presentar síntomas hasta que las lesiones del hígado son grandes. Cuando sí hay signos, estos pueden ser: fatiga, hemorragias o hematomas que aparecen con facilidad, pérdida de apetito o peso, náuseas, decoloración de la piel, acumulación de líquido en el abdomen, confusión, somnolencia y dificultad en el habla. Las casusas más comunes son abuso de alcohol, hepatitis viral crónica, fibrosis quística, etc. Además, uno de los mayores factores de riesgo es el consumo excesivo de alcohol. Por ello, en E&S Doctors, te recomendamos no consumir demasiado durante estas fiestas


Celiac disease, also called gluten-sensitive enteropathy, is an immune reaction to a protein found in wheat, barley and rye. Eating gluten triggers a response in your small intestine. Over time, this reaction damages your intestine’s lining and prevents the absorption of some nutrients. In children, this can affect growth, apart from causing the symptoms seen in adults. There is no cure for this disease, but a gluten-free diet can help control the symptoms and promote intestinal healing.

The signs of celiac disease can vary greatly and, sometimes, can be different in children and adults. Some of those that affect digestive system are: diarrhoea, fatigue, weight loss, bloating, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and constipation. However, adults have also symptoms as anaemia, osteoporosis, skin rash, mouth ulcers, headaches or reduced functioning of the spleen. As for children, signs that have something to do with digestive problems are similar to those seen in adults, but they are prone to be very irritable, having damage in tooth enamel, short stature or a delayed puberty.


Marfan syndrome is an inherited disorder that affects the fibres that support your organs and other parts of your body. Usually, it commonly affects the heart, eyes, blood vessels and skeleton. The damage caused can be mild or severe. If it affects your aorta, the condition can become life-threatening. People with this syndrome are, typically, very tall and thin with very long arms, legs, fingers and toes. Treatment includes, for example, medications to keep your blood pressure low. Regular monitoring to check the progression of the condition is vital because some people may require surgery to repair the aorta if necessary.

The symptoms of Marfan syndrome vary a lot, even among members of the same family. Some are mild, while others can be a threat to the life of the person suffering from it. Among them, we can find: tall and slender build, disproportionately long arms, legs and fingers, a breast bone that protrudes outward or dips inward, crowded teeth, heart murmurs, extreme near-sightedness, a very curved spine and flat feet. Some symptoms can cause cardiovascular, eye or skeletal complications.


World Antibiotic Awareness Week, hold on November’s third week every year, aims to increase awareness of antibiotic resistance and to encourage better practices for this to stop happening because it is a problem that affects us all. The process to solve this is long, but not impossible. We all know that thanks to antibiotics we can cure diseases that we could not cure in the past, but misusing them, the things achieved do not work anymore because we are acquiring an immunity. If bacteria are resistant to them, the treatment is not going to work.

Because of this, in E&S Doctors, we recommend to make a good use of antibiotics. This is really easy, following doctors and experts pharmacists’ advices. The best thing is to take antibiotics only when they are prescribed by a doctor, always following their indications and in case we have any leftover antibiotics when the treatment ends, we need to take them to a Drug Take Back site. With these easy steps, we help antibiotics to have their full effect and to keep fighting diseases that were fatal in the past.


An European project, coordinated by investigators from the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC in Spanish), has demonstrated that a healthy microbiota contributes to regulate appetite, body weight and swelling associated to obesity, besides affecting the risk of developing chronic metabolic and mental diseases. The microorganisms that live in the digestive system affect the functioning of the immunological, endocrine and nervous systems. Specifically, in one of the studies it was observed that, in 4 years of study, children with a normal weight developed obesity because an unhealthy diet decreased the diversity of this microbiota and this increased the amount of inflammatory proteobacteria. Furthermore, it was observed that this microbiota can decrease the risk of suffering diseases associated to stress.

The research also proves that not only the quantity of protein in a diet is important, but quality also is because this gives room to the production of more or less toxic metabolites in the kidney. Finally, it has been also investigated how the microbiota is affected by other things like the type of labour, proving that people born by C-section have a more exaggerated response to stress and this causes a greater risk of suffering mental and metabolic diseases


Eating lots of baked goods and other pre-cooked foods has significant consequences, besides from the increase in size. In addition to risk the heart’s health, trigger high blood pressure and being defenceless against type 2 diabetes, if you do not stop obesity, your brain can change in form and structure. To be precise, the excess of body fat makes the central areas of your brain shrink, according to a Dutch research published by Radiology magazine. The more fat, the less braincells.

A person with obesity is more prone to suffer dementia, according to a recent study by the British University of Loughborough. Furthermore, another consequence of having rolls of fat is the decreasing of a brain protein that helps fighting Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s. The only way to end this is exercise, like fitness. Another option is to avoid eating watching television or looking at your phone since when you focus on your food, you eat less. If you have lunch far away from screens, you will eat a third less during dinner because we have the memory of eating lunch, which activates a satiety feeling.


The thyroid is a gland which makes hormones and can be the cause of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.
Hyperthyroidism occurs when your thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine. This can accelerate your body’s metabolism, which causes unintentional weight loss, sweating, tremor, fatigue and irregular heartbeat among other symptoms.
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which your thyroid gland do not produce enough of certain hormones. This can cause health problems, such as obesity, infertility or heart disease if it is not treated. Some symptoms may include fatigue, hoarseness, weight gain, elevated blood cholesterol level or pain in your joints.


High blood pressure is a common condition in which the force of the blood against your artery walls may cause health problems. The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure is. You can have this disease for years without any symptoms. Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases your risk of serious health problems, including heart attacks and strokes. That’s why it is recommended to check evenly your blood pressure.

Most people with hypertension have no symptoms, but a few people may have headaches, shortness of breath or nosebleeds.


Cholesterol is substance found in the fats in your blood. Having high cholesterol can increase your risk of heart disease because it causes the obstruction of your arteries and make it difficult for blood to flow through them. Furthermore, decreased blood flow to your brain can cause a stroke. High cholesterol con be inherited, but it is often the result of unhealthy lifestyle choices, so it can be prevented with a healthy diet and exercise. High cholesterol has no symptoms and a blood test is the only way to detect it.


Anemia is a disease in which you do not have enough red blood cells. This disease can be temporary or long term and it can go from mild to severe. Furthermore, it can be a warning sign of serious illness. Some types of anemia can be prevented by eating a healthy, varied diet. The most common cause of anemia is iron deficiency or vitamin deficiency.

At first, anemia can be mild, but symptoms worsen as anemia worsens. Some signs of this disease are fatigue or weakness, pale skin, shortness of breath, dizziness, chest pain, cold hands and feet and headache.



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