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May 19, 2022

Behcet’s disease is a rare disorder that causes blood vessel inflammation throughout your body. It does not have a cure, but there are several treatments involving medications to help preventing symptoms and serious complications, such as blindness. Researchers associate a virus or bacterium to this disease, but believe that it is not possible to be affected if you do not have certain genes that make you susceptible to Behcet’s syndrome.

Symptoms vary from person to person and can come and go over time. They also depend on which parts of your body are affected, but the most common ones are: recurrent mouth sores that heal in about three weeks, painful nodules on your skin (most commonly on your legs), open sores on genitals that are extremely painful, inflammation in the eye that causes blurred vision (the most common of them all), joint swelling and inflammation in veins and arteries, abdominal pain, diarrhea, headaches, disorientation and poor balance among many others. Furthermore, this disease is very serious and can decrease your vision. If you think that you have any of these symptoms, please visit your doctor immediately. From E&S Doctors, we encourage you to visit us if you think you suffer from Behcet’s disease.

 

La enfermedad de Behcet es un trastorno raro que causa la inflamación de los vasos sanguíneos del cuerpo. No tiene cura, pero hay tratamientos a base de medicamentos que ayudan a prevenir los síntomas y las complicaciones graves, como la ceguera. Los investigadores asocian esta enfermedad a un virus o bacteria, pero consideran que no se puede dar si las personas a las que afecta no tienen ciertos genes que las hacen propensas a padecer el síndrome de Behcet.

Los síntomas varían según la persona y pueden aparecer o desaparecer con el tiempo. También dependen de la parte del cuerpo afectada, pero los más comunes son las llagas recurrentes en la boca que se curan en unas tres semanas, nódulos dolorosos en la piel (sobre todo, en las piernas), llagas abiertas en los genitales que son muy dolorosas, inflamación de ojos que causa visión borrosa (esto es lo más recurrente), inflamación de las articulaciones y venas, dolor abdominal, diarrea, dolor de cabeza, desorientación y falta de equilibrio entre otros. Además, es una enfermedad muy seria que puede afectar a la visión de forma severa. Si crees que presentas estos síntomas, por favor, acude a tu médico. En E&S Doctors, te animamos a hacernos una visita si piensas que tienes esta enfermedad.

Ana Eliche

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May 12, 2022

Fibromyalgia is a disease characterized by muscle and bones pain. It is believed that this disorder amplifies painful sensations because it affects the way your brain processes painful signals. In general terms, fibromyalgia begins after a physical trauma, surgery, infection or stress. Furthermore, symptoms accumulate over time and women are more likely to develop this disease.

Even though there is no cure, there are medications to help control its symptoms, and exercise or relaxation can help reducing them too. It is normal to have a constant dull and widespread pain on both sides of your body and above and below your waist. People who suffer from fibromyalgia are also prone to develop fatigue and disrupted sleep due to the pain. Sometimes, there are even cases in which cognitive difficulties, such as inability to pay attention or concentrate, are present. From E&S Doctors, we recommend to visit your doctor if you have any of these symptoms.

 

La fibromialgia es una enfermedad que se caracteriza por un dolor de huesos y músculos generalizado. Se cree que este trastorno amplifica las sensaciones de dolor porque afecta la forma en que el cerebro procesa las señales de ese dolor. Por lo general, la fibromialgia aparece tras un traumatismo físico, cirugia, infección o estrés significativo. Además, los síntomas se acumulan poco a poco con el tiempo y las mujeres son más propensas a tenerla.

Aunque no existe una cura, hay medicamentos para controlar los síntomas y, tanto el ejercicio como la relajación, pueden ayudar a reducirlos. Lo más normal es que se tenga un dolor generalizado, leve y molesto, que es constante por encima y debajo de la cintura y a ambos lados del cuerpo. Las personas que la padecen también suelen presentar fatiga e interrupciones del sueño, debidas al dolor. A veces, incluso se pueden dar casos con dificultades cognitivas como la falta de atención y concentración. Desde E&S Doctors, recomendamos acudir al médico si presenta alguno de estos síntomas.

Ana Eliche

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April 21, 2022

Colour blindness, or deficient colour vision, is the inability to differentiate between certain colours. Even though this is the most common way to describe it, the true “colour blindness” is a condition in which everything is seen in shades of black and white, but it is very rare. This illness is usually inherited and men are more likely to be born with it. The common form of colour blindness is the one in which people cannot distinguish between shades of red and green, but there is another one in which shades of blue and yellow are mixed up. Defects in perception of these colours can be mild, moderate or severe. Furthermore, certain eye diseases and some medications can cause colour blindness.

You may have a colour vision deficiency and not know it. Some people figure it out when it causes confusion, such as when they cannot differentiate the colours in a traffic light. It is better to see an eye doctor if you suspect that you have problems distinguishing between certain colours or your colour vision changes. It is also important that children get eye exams, including colour vision testing, because there is no cure for inherited colour deficiencies. Nevertheless, if the cause for this is an eye disease, some treatments may improve this condition.

 

El daltonismo, o visión de color deficiente, es la imposibilidad de diferenciar entre ciertos colores. Aunque es común describirlo así, el verdadero «daltonismo» es una enfermedad por la cual solo se ve en blanco y negro, pero es mucho más raro. Esta afección puede ser heredada y los hombres son más propensos a nacer con ella. La forma más común de daltonismo se da cuando las personas no pueden distinguir entre ciertos tonos de rojo y verde, pero también existen casos en los que se confunden tonos de azul y amarillo. Los defectos en la percepción de estos colores pueden ser leves, moderados o graves. Además, ciertas enfermedades oculares y medicamentos pueden producir esta enfermedad.

Puede ser que tengas daltonismo y no lo sepas. Muchas personas lo descubren cuando causa una confusión, como no poder diferenciar los colores de un semáforo. Es mejor consultar a un oftalmólogo si sospechas que tienes problemas para distinguir ciertos colores o tu visión de estos cambia. También es importante que los niños realicen exámenes oculares exhaustivos, incluida una prueba de visión cromática, porque no hay cura para las deficiencias de color heredadas. Sin embargo, si la causa es una enfermedad ocular, un tratamiento puede mejorar esta afección.

Ana Eliche

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April 7, 2022

Transplantation is a procedure done to replace one of your organs with another one, donated by someone else. This is done to replace a diseased body part with a healthy one. Even though the procedure is complex and a long-term process, this can help to make your life longer and to stop your disease from spreading through the infected organ. There are two types of transplants: solid organ transplants and stem cell transplants. The firs one makes reference to those organs like the cornea, heart, kidney, lungs, liver, etc. Meanwhile, the second type is for people who suffer from a disease that damages the cells in bone marrow. These transplants are similar to blood transfusions and do not need surgery.

Solid organs transplants begin with a complete medical exam that identify you as a candidate for a transplant. Once you are on the national waiting list, the search for a matching donor begins. This person can be someone who is related to you, a living unrelated donor or someone who has recently died. After the donation is made, living donors can live a normal, healthy life without problems. After finding the organ, you undergo a surgery to receive it and you will be in the hospital the time needed to recover so that the doctors approve your discharge. They will explain how to take care of yourself once you go back home. This includes the medicines you have to take, how often you need to visit the doctor for a follow-up and what daily activities are off-limits for you.

 

Los trasplantes son procedimientos que se hacen para reemplazar los órganos afectados con órganos donados por otra persona. Esto se hace con el fin de reemplazar una parte del cuerpo enferma con una saludable. Aunque el procedimiento es complejo y prolongado, puede llegar a alargar la vida del paciente y que deje de padecer complicaciones médicas en el órgano afectado. Hay dos tipos de trasplantes: de órganos sólidos y de células madre. El primero se refiere a aquellos órganos como la córnea, el corazón, el riñón, el pulmón, el hígado, etc. Mientras que el segundo es para las personas que padecen de enfermedades que dañan las células en la médula ósea. Estos se parecen mucho a las donaciones de sangre y no necesitan cirugía.

Los trasplantes de órganos sólidos empiezan con un examen médico completo que determinarán si es viable un trasplante. Una vez que llegas a la lista de espera, se busca un donante compatible que puede ser un pariente, una persona viva sin parentesco o alguien que ha muerto recientemente. Después de donar, estas personas pueden seguir llevando una vida normal y saludable sin problema. Tras encontrar el órgano, el paciente se somete a una cirugía para recibirlo y pasarás en el hospital el tiempo necesario hasta que los médicos especialistas lo crean conveniente. Estos serán los que le expliquen cómo cuidarse una vez regrese a casa, los medicamentos que debe tomar, con qué frecuencia se harán revisiones y qué actividades no se te permiten hacer.

 

Ana Eliche

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March 31, 2022

Bipolar disorder or bipolarity is a mental health problem that causes extreme mood swings. It was formerly called manic depression because it makes you have emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression). When you are depressed, you may feel sad and you lose pleasure in most activities, but when your mood shifts to mania, you may be overwhelmed by euphoria or you may feel full of energy, even irritable.

Contrary to popular belief, these mood swings may occur rarely or multiple times a year and this is a mental health condition for life, only treated with medications and psychotherapy. Some of the symptoms that you may have are: abnormally upbeat, increased energy, euphoria, decreased need for sleep and unusual talkativeness among others when we talk about the mania state, and feeling sad, empty or hopeless, loss of interest in almost all activities, insomnia, restlessness, fatigue, feelings of worthlessness and suicidal thoughts if you are having a major depressive episode. Please, visit your doctor or a mental health professional if you have any depression or mania symptom. Bipolar disorder does not get better on its own.

 

Trastorno bipolar

El trastorno bipolar o bipolaridad es una enfermedad mental que alterna entre estados de ánimo extremos. Antes se llamaba «depresión maniaca» porque comprende altos emocionales (manía o hipomanía) y bajos emocionales (depresión). Cuando te deprimes estás triste y pierdes el placer en la mayoría de actividades, pero cuando tu estado pasa al de manía es posible que te inunde una euforia o que estés lleno de energía, incluso irritable.

Al contrario de lo que mucha gente cree, estos cambios anímicos se pueden producir tanto pocas como muchas veces por año y es un trastorno que dura de por vida, que tan solo se puede controlar con un tratamiento: medicamentos y psicoterapia. Algunos de los síntomas de esta enfermedad, incluyen: episodios anormales de optimismo, aumento de la energía, euforia, menor necesidad de dormir y locuacidad inusual entre otros cuando se presenta un estado de manía, y sensación de tristeza, vacío o desesperanza, pérdida de interés en casi todas las actividades, insomnio, agitación, fatiga, sentimiento de inutilidad y pensamientos de suicidio entre otros cuando hablamos de un episodio depresivo mayor. Por favor, consulta a un médico o un profesional de la salud mental si crees que tienes algún síntoma de depresión o manía. El trastorno bipolar no mejora solo.

Ana Eliche

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March 24, 2022

Cervical or cervix cancer is a type of illness produced in the cells covering the cervix,
which is the inferior part of the uterus, where the fetus is formed and the vagina, which is the
conduct where the baby is borned. The cancer appears when these cells start growing
without any control. They do not become cancerous the moment they appear, instead they
start developing causing abnormal changes gradually. Generally, our own immune system is
capable of locating these precancerous cells and destroying them. However, in some
women, they are going to appear as real cancer.
Some sexually transmited diseases increase the chance of getting this type of
cancer, among many others, the most important ones are an infection or the human
papillomavirus, also known as HPV. These play a very important role in a woman’s body
determining whether or not they are going to be more prompt to develop this affliction. More
often than not, our own bodies are able to deal with it without these cells growing into
cancerous ones, but some other times, it might produce this illness. Regular check-ups with
your general practitioner and a vaccination to decrease the risk of these cancers from
appearing is usually the best way to deal with this issue.

 

El cáncer de cuello de útero, también conocido como cáncer cervical, es un tipo de
cáncer que se produce en las células que revisten el cuello uterino, que es la parte inferior
del útero, conocido como la matriz, conectando con la vagina. El cuello uterino une el
cuerpo del útero, que es la parte superior donde se forma el feto, con la vagina, siendo este
el canal por el que nace el bebé. El cáncer se produce cuando las células empiezan a
crecer sin control. En cambio, estas no se hacen cancerosas de forma repentina, sino que
se van desarrollando cambios anormales de forma gradual. En general, nuestro sistema
inmunitario tendrá la habilidad para localizar estas células precancerosas y destruirlas. Sin
embargo, en algunas mujeres, se volverán cánceres verdaderos.
Algunas enfermedades de transmisión sexual aumentan la probabilidad de que
aparezca como puede ser el virus del papiloma humano, también conocido como VPH. Las
cepas del virus del papiloma humano o una infección por transmisión sexual juegan papeles
fundamentales en la causa de esta enfermedad. En términos generales, cuando una mujer
se expone al virus del papiloma humano, el sistema inmunitario suele evitar que el virus
vaya a más, pero en algunos casos, puede llegar a sobrevivir varios años hasta que termina
convirtiéndose en células cancerosas.
Para reducir el riesgo de desarrollar cáncer cervical, las medidas de prevención más
eficaces son las pruebas constantes para detectarlo a tiempo e incluso una vacuna para
proteger contra la infección del virus del papiloma humano.

Ana Eliche

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March 16, 2022

Insomnia is a common sleep disorder that makes it hard to fall or stay asleep. Moreover, you may still feel tired when you wake up. This can affect your health, mood, your daily activities and your quality of life. There are two types of insomnia: short-term insomnia (acute), which lasts days or weeks, and a more long-term type that, after a month, is considered chronic.

Normally, this disorder can be the primary problem or it may be caused by other conditions or medications. Simple changes in your daily habits can help as it mostly is the result of stress or a traumatic situation. Nevertheless, it is recommended to visit a doctor to help you identify the reason of your sleeping problems for sure and the best way of treating them.

 

El insomnio es un trastorno del sueño que puede causar dificultad para quedarse dormido o mantenerse así. Además, es posible que sigas estando cansado al despertar. Todo esto afecta indudablemente a tu salud, tu estado de ánimo, tus actividades diarias y a tu calidad de vida. Hay dos tipos de insomnio: uno puntual que dura unos días o semanas (agudo) o el más duradero que, a partir de un mes, se considera crónico.

Por lo general, puede ser un problema en sí mismo o deberse a otras afecciones o a medicamentos. Cambiar algunas cosas simples en tus hábitos pueden ayudarte a combatirlo porque el insomnio suele deberse a estrés o a un acontecimiento traumático. Sin embargo, es aconsejable que visites a un médico para que identificar con certeza las causas de tus problemas para dormir y la mejor manera de tratarlos.

Ana Eliche

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October 19, 2020

Today, due to the International Day against breast cancer, we want to remind you of some questions about this type of cancer. Breast cancer is a disease that forms on the breasts and it is most commonly diagnosed in women, although it can also occur in men. The number of deaths associated with breast cancer are declining due to important factors as earlier detection, personalized treatments and a better understanding of this disease.
This cancer develops when some breast cells begin to grow abnormally, which makes them to divide more rapidly than the healthy ones and, therefore, forming lumps. Researchers have identified some factors that may increaser your risk of having this disease like being a woman or a family history of breast cancer. Nevertheless, it is not known why some people without risk factors develop this cancer. From E&S Doctors, we want to recommend you to go immediately to the doctor if you find a lump in your breasts because it is one of the most common signs. You can also detect a change in size or shape of your breast, peeling or crusting in your skin; you can even have redness or pitting of the skin over your breast. Furthermore, we want to help fighting against breast cancer by giving some advice to women so they can help prevent the risk of developing it. That’s why, you have to talk to your doctor about breast cancer screening exams, do self-exams on your breasts and remember that you can come to our clinic if you need any more information. In E&S Doctors, we care about your health and we fight against breast cancer.

Ana Eliche

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August 28, 2020

Turner syndrome, which affects only women, happens when the X chromosome is missing and causes problems like short height, failure of the ovaries to develop and heart defects. Fortunately, it can be diagnosed before the child is born or in early childhood. However, it requires constant medical care from a variety of specialists. Signs of this illness vary from woman to woman and it may not be apparent in some while, in other girls, has several physical features. At the beginning, these symptoms can be subtle and develop slowly, becoming significant, such as heart defects.

Before birth, it can be diagnosed thanks to a DNA screening or an ultrasound, which can show large fluid collection on the back of the neck, heart abnormalities or abnormal kidneys. At birth, the child can have a wide neck, high and narrow roof of the mouth, swelling in hands and feet, short height, cardiac defects or a receding, small lower jaw, among other conditions. Nevertheless, during the period that goes from childhood to adulthood, signs become more frequent and common. These are: short height, ovarian insufficiency, slowed growth, early endo of menstrual cycles and inability to conceive a child without a proper fertility treatment. That’s why, from E&S Doctors, we recommend women to get some tests to detect as soon as possible Turner syndrome and go see a specialist.

Ana Eliche

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August 13, 2020

On the occasion of the International Left Handers Day, taking place this August 13th, from E&S Doctors we want to state all the difficulties that lefthanders face in a mainly righthander society. Taking into consideration that one in 10 people in the world are lefthanded, we should know about the challenges that they face when using certain tools design for righthanders as scissors or spiral notebooks. That’s not all, throughout history some lefthanders have been discriminated against and harassed, like those children who were corrected so they would not use that hand to write.

Causes for being lefthanded are completely unknown, although there is some hypothesis that point to an asymmetrical developing of the brain, that is to say, the person has the right hemisphere of the brain more developed because of genetic inheritance. Nevertheless, this is not scientifically proven and it is also not proven that being lefthanded has any effect on health, beyond those daily disadvantages that they face in a world made for righthanders. So, if you are lefthanded or not, you can celebrate this day by vindicating the production of affordable tools for lefthanders so that you are asking for equal opportunities. Or you can throw a party with your lefthander friends… and righthanders too. The important thing is to not treat this as a disease because, in E&S Doctors, we know that it is not. Happy International Left Handers Day!

Ana Eliche

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