Cold urticaria is a skin reaction to cold. The skin zone that is affected develops reddish welts (hives) that itch. Usually, it is most frequent in young adults and the treatment includes preventive steps, such as taking antihistamines or avoiding cold air, water or ice-cold drinks and food, because it is not known exactly what causes it. It can be because of sensitive skin cells, an inherited trait or an illness.
People with this type of urticaria experience different symptoms. Some even might have low blood pressure or faint if swimming in cold water. The most common signs are temporary reddish welts that itch on the area of skin exposed to cold and that worsen as the skin warms, swelling of the hands while holding cold objects and swelling of lips from consuming cold food or drinks. Severe reactions may include fainting, racing heart and swelling of the tongue and throat, which can make it difficult to breathe.
Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils, which are located at the back of the throat — one tonsil on each side. Normally, it is caused by infection with a virus, but also by bacterial infections. Because appropriate treatment depends on the cause, it is important to get an immediate diagnosis. Surgery to remove tonsils was common, but nowadays it is only performed when the person affected does not respond to other treatments or has serious complications.
Tonsillitis most commonly affects children. However, symptoms are common to all ages. Some of them include: swollen tonsils or with white patches, sore throat, painful swallowing, fever, scratchy voice, stiff neck and headache. In children, it is also normal the loss of appetite or an unusual fussiness.
Common colds are infection that affect your nose and throat. Although they might not look like it, they are harmless and can be cured in about a week or 10 days, at most. However, it is always advisable to know how to avoid them so not to go through that nuisance of being sick.
There’s no vaccine for the common cold, but there are other things that are useful in order to slow the spread of the virus. One of the best is to wash your hands, with soap and water and very often. You can also use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, but only if you don’t have soap. On the other hand, it is very effective to disinfect your stuff and to discard used tissues right away after sneezing or coughing on them. Furthermore, the most common thing is not to share drinking glasses or utensils with people that have cold or if you have it. Apart from that, the only thing you can do is to take care of yourself, eating well and getting enough sleep.
Indigestion, also called upset stomach, is a term used to describe discomfort in your upper abdomen. This is not a disease per se, but a series of symptoms like abdominal pain. Indigestion is common, but each person may experience it in a different way. Therefore, signs of it may be felt occasionally or daily. Furthermore, indigestion can be a symptom of another digestive disease and may be eased with changes in lifestyle and medication. Normally, it is nothing to worry about, but we advise to go to the doctor if discomfort lasts for more than two weeks and the pain is severe.
Indigestion’s symptoms usually are the following: early fullness during a meal, discomfort after a meal, discomfort or burning in your upper abdomen and nausea. Other less frequent include vomiting and belching. Indigestion has many possible causes, but the most common are overeating, especially greasy or spicy foods. It can also be caused by too much caffeine, alcohol or carbonated beverages. That’s why, in E&S Doctors, we recommend not to overeat or overdrink during these holidays.
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental disorder that includes problems like difficulty paying attention and impulsive behaviour. ADHD can lead to unstable relationships, poor work or school performance, low self-esteem and other problems. Treatment for ADHD includes medications and psychotherapy. ADHD can be difficult to diagnose in adults because its symptoms are similar to other conditions, such as anxiety or mood disorders.
Symptoms start in early childhood and continue into adulthood. In adults, hyperactivity may decrease, but impulsiveness, restlessness and difficulty paying attention may continue. Beside from these, other symptoms are disorganization, poor time management skills, problems focusing or multitasking, excessive activity, frequent mood swings and hot temper